Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Using a Mother Tongue Version of English by Amy Tan - 275 Words

Using a 'Mother Tongue' Version of English by Amy Tan (Essay Sample) Content: NameInstructorSubjectDateUsing a Mother Tongue Version of English by Amy TanIn the short story Mother Tongue, Amy Tan argues that the language people use depends on the context usage and the target audience. Speaking of her mothers use of English, Tamy says of language as a product of the speakers purpose and understanding of the context, rather than a reflection of ones competence in the language. For instance, Tamys mother uses simple and imperfect English when talking to other family members, and different- presumably standard English- when conversing with her stock broker. The fact that she reads and understands Wall Street Journals, Forbes magazine and novels by Shirley MacLaine (Tan 139) demonstrates her mastery of English beyond what her casual family conversations reveal.I agree with Tamys view that we use language according to our understanding of the context of usage and the target audience. Drawing from my own experience, the English I use at home is not th e same English I use in school, or when writing exams. At home, I use language unconsciously, without caring about my placing of subjects, tense, and subject-verb agreement. For instance, I can say at dinner pass salt, and the recipient of the message will perfectly understand and respond to my request. The reason why I use this mother tongue version of English is because the aim of usage is to communicate with people who also understand the context of my using it. In such cases, I, as I believe do many others, tend to be economical with words, using only what is essential to convey a message. In the case above, I want the salt, and the phrase pass salt is enough to convey that idea to the person seated next to me. Tans declaration from the onset of her story that I am not a scholar of English or literature I am a writer (Tan 138) underscores the argument that language usage is not about adhering to grammar rules, but using it as a tool to communicate. It is scholars of a language w ho dissects and analyzes sentences to determine their structure and grammar. For users of language like Tan and most of us, we often deviate from Standard English to suit the needs of the context. This is often for practical reasons. As a non-native speaker, most of my friends and relatives understand only what is essential to communicate. When talking to them, I use a watered down version of English to make conversation easier. Thus, instead of burdening them with I have developed a strong interest in feminist literature, I would simply say I love books about women issues.If I were to convey the same idea in class or in a formal setting, I certainly will be conscious of all the grammar rules in sentence construction. Thus, instead of the rudimentary form pass salt, I would say, Pass me the salt, please. Considering these two examples, it is evident, as Tamy argues, that we construct our own mother tongue when using language in informal contexts by skipping what we deem to be unimpo rtant in communicating an idea, such as the subject me and the article the because the person understands that he/she should pass the salt to me, the speaker, and not anyone else. The speaker in most informal settings often violate grammar rules unconsciously because they are consciously aware that the context of language usage does not require them to adhere to every rule. I reckon that this attitude applies to many of us when at home talking to other family members, or even in school when talking to friends and classmates out of class. The confidence we develop to allow us violate grammar rules stems...

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

What Absolutely Everyone Is Saying About Common Application College Essay Samples and What You Should be Doing

What Absolutely Everyone Is Saying About Common Application College Essay Samples and What You Should be Doing The Benefits of Common Application College Essay Samples Since you are interested in getting the essay to communicate the very best information about you, you have to do thorough preparation for the sample college admission essays to attain its purposes. This section has two examples of fantastic college essays. You can rely on the very best essay help online. Individual schools sometimes need supplemental essays. Look at these sample college application essays to find out what a thriving college application essay appears like and stimulate your own creativity. The duration of your essay is not what universities search for. Admissions officers don't expect you to be perfect, and therefore don't make your essay unbelievable by attempting to pretend that you're. The Ultimate Approach for Common Application College Essay Samples You are able to access the writer who's writing your essay directly so that you could make any correction. Your essay is an exceptional reflection of who you are as an individual. Although you must be creative whilst writing your essay, resist the temptation to acquire creative with the facts. Nowadays it is quite difficult to locate a trustworthy essay writing service. If you've got this tool on hand, it is easy to improve certain portions of the essay before finally writing the college essay you will submit. Receive best writing help isn't your opportunity to compose your homework, you apart from scratch on-line essay. Two new essay options are added, and a number of the previous questions are revised. Sponsored best spot to purchase essay paper our clientele! Characteristics of Common Application College Essay Samples One of the most difficult facets of college life is finances. 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Therefore, for your convenience, you have a superb chance to monitor the development of the assigned writer and make sure an essay will be ready in a timely method. You will be more motivated to finish an application for a school you truly care about, irrespective of its real length. No matter where you apply to college, you will have to set aside a substantial quantity of time to finish and perfect each application. More frequently than not, deadlines for submitting applications are almost always short which makes many possible applicants worry they will not have the ability to submit their sample essay for MBA application punctually. You should describe how you believe the institution can help you reach your ends. Therefore, you will know all that is required. Academic papers can't contain any signals of plagiarism. Students lead busy lives and frequently forget about a coming deadline. 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A Startling Fact about Common Application College Essay Samples Uncovered As soon as you inform us about all of the paper information, we'll begin trying to find an acceptable writer for your paper. It is among the final parts of information that may influence admissions decisions, and it's the sole portion of your application that's totally in your control. In the very first part the major Common App section, as an example you'll supply the info that all colleges will need to understand about you, from contact information to GPA to demographic information. After you've completed the principal section of the Common App for a single college, adding another Common App school to your list is a lot easier than submitting a totally new application. New Questions About Common Application College Essay Samples The application text needs to be effective to go into the college. It's possible to verify this information on the web. 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Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on The Media and Its Responsibilities - 2754 Words

The Media and Its Responsibilities SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics amp; Social Responsibility The media has become a major factor of our times and the influence it has on people young and old. You would think that the world has enough influence all around them during their everyday lives and then we come home and turn on our televisions, pick up a newspaper, a magazine, or even the computer and it is all right there. Over the years the media has been more open and I believe that has a lot to do with the growing of our minds and our children’s minds and they are just trying to keep up and keep people interested even though it may be a little risky to show no matter what station it is on. We have to be careful and protect†¦show more content†¦A lot of the reality shows we watch today are taped and we do not even see everything that leads up to the main parts that they show us to get our attention. Most media producers know what will make something stand out and catch the eye of the listeners, watchers, and readers and that is what they feed off of. To boost thei r ratings and to make money off of the people that are unknown other than the shows they are being advertise on that are making money off their every move. In the media world that is what it is all about; finding the showstopper and giving them the most attention from what they do and say to draw attention as far as viewers, readers, and now and days most commonly bloggers that are watching their every move. At the end of the day that is what it is all about, making money off a lot of nonsense. The observations we make by watching, reading, and listening to media can make or break our perspectives of the world as we know it. Some people are so easily influenced by what they see and hear that it is hard to tell them anything different once they see it. Certain shows that are aired on television are aired on what’s said to be children’s stations for a reason. Reason being it is meant for children. If we were to let our children watch everything and anything they wanted to watch on television and look up on the internet without having any parental controls may be veryShow MoreRelatedThe Media And Its Responsibilities2403 Words   |  10 PagesThe Media and its Responsibilities The word media comes from Latin and means the means of communication, as radio and Television, newspapers, and magazines that reach or influence people widely. 1575-85; Latin: the middle, noun use of neuter of medius middle. ( Media gives the world information, reporting what is happening around you. Media can give you fame or ruin you. Media is considered the most influential outlet sources that exist to mankind, having the most power and a greatRead MoreThe Media and Its Responsibilities3328 Words   |  13 PagesThe media and its responsibilities Introduction The media has grown over the past 50 years to become an integral part of our lives today. The media has a responsibility to inform and educate the people through the various channels available such as radio, magazines, newspaper, television and the Internet. The media is also a signaler, watchdog, common carrier, and public representative in various issues in the society. Many of the decisions undertaken by media personalities, owners and managementRead MoreThe Media and Its Responsibilities Essays1688 Words   |  7 Pagesliberties includes duties and responsibilities. The media is an integral part of everyday life and has become a leading player and influence of our society and it have an outcome on our nations’ future, viewpoint, and the globe’s view of us. The media are responsible for mainstream America ideals and the familiarity of the image based on the impact from the media. The media are fundamental of social influence and political decisions. The media have turned the average personRead MoreEssay Responsibilities of the Media1579 Words   |  7 Pages1) The primary role of media delivering the news to the public is to gather and report news that is true, fair, honest, accurate, non-biased and non-critical. The news keeps us informed about what is going on in and around the world, investigating stories and delivering information to a large and diverse audience. The media channels news through television, radio, newspapers, internet, and other products that reach people, groups, and societies. Not only does theRead MoreEthical Responsibilities of the Media1523 Words   |  7 PagesThe role of the media is to formally update the people about what is happening in the world around them. This means that it should give the audience an objective view of what is occurring without violating any human rights or offending viewers. Since there are no certain limitations put on broadcasting violent material, some Arab media channels like Al-Jazeera started excelling in giving the viewer a complete picture about what is occurring in warring nations. From broadcasting the casualties onRead MoreMedia and Its Responsibilities Essay2623 Words   |  11 PagesMass Media: A platform to give strength to the weak or a loaded gun in the hands of humanity? â€Å"The media’s the most powerful entity on earth†¦because they control the minds of the masses† (Malcom X, 2012). Media has responsibilities and these responsibilities need to be clarified and upheld by society. Unfortunately, media today does not abide by moral standards, which in turn sends mixed messages to our society. Often times these messages are demoralizing, desensitizing, and false. Young peopleRead MoreLack of Responsibility in Social Media770 Words   |  4 PagesLack of Responsibility within Social Media Lack of Responsibility within Social Media Brian Farr COM/215 Jonathan Lewis Abstract Insert Abstract Text Here. Lack of Responsibility within Social Media The impact of social media’s influence on the world cannot be disputed. Many people focus on the benefits that social media has provided. Social media has changed the course of communication, business and human connection. I would agree, there are many benefits which social media providesRead MoreEthical Responsibilities Of The Media Essay1482 Words   |  6 PagesThe role of the media is to formally update the people about what is happening in the world around them. This means that it should give the audience an objective view of what is occurring without violating any human rights or offending viewers. Since there are no certain limitations put on broadcasting violent material, some Arab media channels like Al-Jazeera started excelling in giving the viewer a complete picture about what is occurring in warring nations. From broadcasting the casualties onRead MoreMedia..Its Social Responsibility and Ethics1866 Words   |  8 Pagesin the media today. It tries to explore h ow the media is being politically and financially driven and how the media forgets its responsibility towards society in its race to get high TRPs. The paper brings out the ethical questions raised in different fields of the media. It also highlights how the media moves away from its primary role, how important are ethics in media, how do media maintain their ethics and what happens when media stops focusing on ethics and its social responsibility. ThroughRead MoreEssay on Journalistic Responsibility and the Media1042 Words   |  5 PagesJournalistic Responsibility and the Media â€Å"... Public enlightenment is the forerunner of justice and the foundation of democracy. The duty of the journalist is to further those ends by seeking truth and providing a fair and comprehensive account of events and issues. Conscientious journalists from all media and specialties strive to serve the public with thoroughness and honesty. Professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalists credibility.† Gary Deen. In Journalism, honesty and truth

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

E-Voting Whether to Protect or Extinguish Corporate Democracy - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 7 Words: 1963 Downloads: 6 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Law Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? INTRODUCTION In the contemporary age of technology, rights of the shareholders can be better protected. E-voting is one such example. E-voting process or postal ballot system has been introduced in order to secure wider participation of shareholders in the decision-making of the company. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "E-Voting: Whether to Protect or Extinguish Corporate Democracy?" essay for you Create order E-voting makes it more convenient for people finding it difficult to attend the meetings physically. This was suggested by the Second Naresh Chandra Committee Report and the J.J. Irani committee in as back as in the year 2004. The Companies act, 2013 (hereinafter referred to as the 2013 Act) has brought in Section 108 making e-voting matter of right for the shareholders in certain cases. RELEVANT LEGISLATIONS Section 108 of the 2013 Act read with Rule 20 of Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014 provides that every listed company or a company having not less than one thousand shareholders, shall provide to its members facility to exercise their right to vote at general meetings by electronic means. Section 110 of the 2013 Act is an evolution of old Section 192A of the Companies Act, 1956 (hereinafter referred to as the 1956 Act) which talks about postal ballots. Pursuant to Section 2(65) of the 2013 Act postal ballot includes e-voting. Where the old Section 192A contains a narrow non-obstante clause relating to only the foregoing sections of the 1956 Act, Section 110 of the 2013 Act contains a broader non-obstante clause meaning the whole Act. This means that the provision of postal ballots as given under the 1956 Act shall not be applicable to the subsequent provisions which include Schemes under Section 391 and 394. Therefore, before the 2013 Act the requirement of e -voting was not applicable to Schemes of amalgamation, compromise and arrangements. The frame of Section 110 of the 2013 Act is that for such items of business as the Central Government notifies, a company must transact that business only by postal ballot. Rule 22 of the Companies (Management and Administration) Rules, 2014 contains a very long list of ten items of business that, apparently, are intended to be transacted only by means of a postal ballot. This particular provision has given rise to the controversy as to whether the postal ballot system applies in addition to or in exclusion to the actual physical meetings which will be discussed ahead in this article. INTERNATIONAL PROVISIONS E-voting might be a new development under the Indian Company Law but it is a very advanced form of shareholders meetings in most other developed countries. Delaware and many other States in the United States have amended their laws to permit electronic voting. Delaware has introduced the most developed form of virtual shareholder meetings by means of remote communication i.e. shareholders who are not physically present may participate in a meeting by remote communication and be deemed present in person to be counted for quorum and other voting purposes. In New Zealand also, by virtue of the 2012 amendment to Companies Act, 1993, companies now have increased flexibility to communicate with shareholders electronically and conduct virtual shareholdersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ meetings. Section 249S of the Australian Corporations Act provides that a company may hold a meeting of the members at two or more venues using any technology that give the members as a whole a reasonable opportunity to participate. Though the above provision empowers companies to hold their general meetings electronically, there is still no express provision allowing a meeting to be held entirely virtual. In Malaysia, amended Section 145 A of Companies Act, 1965 has similar wordings as the Australian Law. U.K Companies Act 2006 provides the holding and conducting of a meeting in such a way that persons who are not present together at the same place may by electronic means attend and speak and vote at it. Further, Canada and Germany also provide for e-voting in their respective company legislations. IN RE GODREJ INDUSTRIES CASE[1] (hereinafter referred to as the Godrej Case) In this case, Godrej Industries Limitedproposed to merge with its group company, Wadala Commodities in a scheme of amalgamation. In April 2014, it approached the High Court of Bombay for seeking to forego the court convened shareholder meeting under the provisions relating to mergers and amalgamations under the 1956 Act and pleaded that it may be allowed to conduct the voting entirely through postal ballot and electronic voting as permitted under the 2013 Act. Justice Patel while hearing this case identified many controversies regarding mandatory and exclusionary requirement of e-voting especially in court convened meetings. The High Court observed that meetings called under Section 391 of 1956 Act or Section 230 and 232 of 2013 Act for approval of a scheme of arrangement are not à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“calledà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  by the company but are instead à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“orderedà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  by the court and hence, Section 110 of the 2013 Act is not applicable in case of schemes. It a lso held that the legislative purpose and intent behind Section 110 of 2013 Act is greater inclusiveness and participation of shareholders. However, the right to vote is not a mere right to vote but a right to make an à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"informed decisionà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ which would include right to debate, deliberate, and seek clarifications and amendments. After analysing the various aspects of the purpose and conduct of shareholdersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ meetings, issues of corporate law and governance contained in the 2013 Act as well as various SEBI circulars, the High Court opined that à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"postal ballotà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ is an additional facility which a company has to provide in order to improve shareholder participation and awareness but has left the matter for fuller consideration. In the backdrop of this case the authors enumerate the grey areas in the facility of e-voting or postal ballot system and its interplay with other rights of the shareholders. GREY AREAS IN THE LAWS ON VOTING BY POSTAL BALLOT Disregard for Clause 49 (I) (A) of the SEBI Equity Listing Agreement The heart of corporate governance lies in giving the shareholders, who hold equity in the company, rights to participate in the management of the company. Clause 49 (I) (A) of the SEBI Equity Listing Agreement provides such rights as right to à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“participate in and to be sufficiently informed on decisions concerning fundamental corporate changesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ; à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the opportunity to participate effectively and vote in general shareholder meetingsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ; à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the opportunity to ask questions to the board, to place items on the agenda of general meetings, and to propose resolutions, subject to reasonable limitsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ , etc. In the Godrej Case, the Bombay High Court elaborated that the right to vote includes in its arena not only a mere formal vote but also right to ask questions, seek clarifications ,receive response and right to persuade and be persuaded. Moreover, it also includes the right to make an informed decision. A shar eholder in a meeting by discussing and debating on the various consequences of the proposed move and hearing other members about how it affects different group of shareholders will make a wiser decision as compared to a mere à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"yesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ or à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"noà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ by voting in isolation. In this case it was further held that in schemes as under section 230 and 232 of the 2013 Act corresponding to section 391 and 394 of the 1956 Act speaks of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“the calling of a meetingà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚  and à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“not merely putting the matter to voteà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ . This means that it would take away the right of directors or shareholders to propose amendments, as a result of which the resolution can only be put to vote as originally proposed without any modifications. Scope of Section 110 of the 2013 Act à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"Court convened meetingsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ or only à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"meetings called by companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ Section 391 and 394 of the 1956 Act and Section 230 and 232 of the 2013 Act, state that the meetings shall be held, called and conducted as the court directs in case of schemes. On the other hand, Section 110 of the 2013 Act states that the company can conduct meetings by way of postal ballot system. In the Godrej Case the court differentiated between à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"court convened meetingsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ and à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"meetings called by the companyà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ and held that all provisions for compulsory voting by postal ballot or electronic voting to the exclusion of an actual meeting cannot and do not apply to court-convened meetings. However, in our opinion, this approach is fallacious to the extent that the purpose of wider participation as provided by postal ballot voting (or e-voting) will not be fulfilled in the case of court convened meetings. In matters of compromise, arrangements, mergers and amalgamations, etc the protection of minority rights is sacrosan ct. The Court by excluding the provision of postal ballot system for court convened meetings ignores the rights of those minority groups who may not attend the meetings. E-voting (or Postal ballot) is additional or exclusionary to actual physical meetings The Court in this case has left the decision on this issue to a more elaborate consideration. The Court has held that any SEBI circular which makes e-voting or postal ballot the exclusive manner of voting are clearly unlawful. Moreover, in line with the 1956 Act even the 2013 Act contains specific sections regarding quorums for meetings i.e. Section 103 and if voting is to be done only by postal ballot, the statutory requirement will not be met. Therefore, in our opinion, e-voting or postal ballot should be an additional facility and not a substitute for actual meetings. This is a facility for the shareholders who are unable to attend the meeting to vote and not to deprive shareholders who want to attend the meeting, discuss and debate from attending the meeting. CURRENT SCENARIO As per Rule 20 of Companies ( Management and Administration Rules), 2014, e-voting is mandatory in case of all general meetings of every listed company and a company having not less than 1000 shareholders. The Ministry, however, vide its general circular no. 20/2014 dated 17.06.2014 has decided not to treat these provisions as mandatory till 31st December, 2014. As per amended clause 35 B of Listing Agreement (Amended vide SEBI Circular no. CFD/POLICY CELL/2/2014 dated 17.04.2014), e-voting is mandatory in respect of all shareholdersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ resolutions to be passed at general meetings or through postal ballot. Further the SEBI Chairman, Mr. U. K. Sinha, in his statement to Business Line on 22nd June, 2014, clarified that providing of e-voting facility is mandatory for listed companies even if the same has been made non-mandatory by the MCA. To sum up , the position of the different companies is as follows Listed Companies à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" SEBI Circular will stand above the Ministry of Commerce circular for listed companies and thus, company needs to provide facility of e-voting for all kinds of membersà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ resolutions, be it through general meeting or postal ballot. Unlisted Public companies à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" For companies having less than 1000 shareholders e-voting facility is not required to be mandatorily provided both in case of postal ballots and general meetings. However, the application of this provision has been deferred till 31st December, 2014. Private Companies- E-voting is not mandatory. CONCLUSION In the age where rapid transit of information and wide participation is a necessity, e-voting despite its various disadvantages cannot be set aside. If properly installed, e-voting can control fraud, enhance the speed of processing results, enhance accessibility and make voting easier for shareholders. E-voting or postal ballot voting thus is an addition to and not a substitution to actual meetings. A quorum of the actual meeting should be met and those shareholders who are unable to participate in the actual meeting should be given a right to vote. However, a formal right to vote shall not suffice; the voters should be enabled to make an informed decision. The shareholders should participate in the deliberations on the proposal. The system of virtual meetings by way of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‹Å"remote communicationà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ as in the State of Delaware, USA is a very good solution for this problem however, it shall not be possible to implement in a developing country like India. Ther efore, we suggest that an online discussion forum or platform should be provided prior to the meeting so that all the shareholders can express their grievances, propose amendments, persuade and can be persuaded by other voters. This way, wider participation can be achieved along with greater transparency. [1] In re Godrej Industries , Company summons for direction no. 256 of 2014.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Essay about The Hypocrisy of Religion - 660 Words

Religious leaders ought to be the epitome of goodness and morality and are supposed to live lives worthy of emulation. Yet, in Voltaire’s Candide and Goethe’s Faust, the church is infested with hypocrisy what with religious leaders being hypocritical characters that are corrupt, greedy and immoral. These are seen in so many instances in both texts as will be discussed below. High–ranking church officials, according to Voltaire, are deeply engrossed in promiscuity as depicted in the lines, â€Å"I am infact the daughter of Pope Urban the Tenth and the Princess of Palestrina† (535). The fact that the Pope, despite his vows of celibacy as a priest and leader of the Catholic Church, has a mistress and a daughter (the Old Woman) is very†¦show more content†¦Furthermore, Voltaire implies that a superior of the abbey by name reverend father Croust is gay (543). Ironically, the church is laden with such people as this Jesuit colonel. Voltaire therefore us es this ironic character to point out the existence of church hypocrisy and corruption in his time. Meanwhile, man’s inhumanity to man is something that should never be witnessed in Christian communities. Yet Voltaire talks about religious leaders who carry out the so-called â€Å"auto-da-fe† against those who disagree with them on trivial theological issues. For example, the Inquisition hangs Pangloss for voicing his ideas and orders for Candide to be flogged for merely â€Å"listening with an air of approval† (529). The authorities executing Pangloss for talking and ordering the flogging of Candide for merely listening shows that ironically, christians are the ones promoting inhumane acts to fellow men. This, in no small measure, symbolizes the hypocrisy and corruption that is rampant in Christian communities. In addition, Goethe also portrays hypocrisy in religion in the scene where in response to Gretchen’s question of â€Å"Do you believe in God?† Faust answers: My darling who may say I believe in God? Ask priests and sages, their reply Looks like sneers that mock and prod The one who asked the question. (752) The fact that Gretchen, being a christian, is easily deceived into believingShow MoreRelatedHypocrisy And Religion In Tartuffe By Moliere841 Words   |  4 PagesTartuffe by Moliere is a play that is centered on the theme of hypocrisy and religion. However, in this case, religion has been utilized as a contrivance to expose the duplicity of the characters. More so, the play comprises several unique characters, Tartuffe being the protagonist, hence his name being used as the title of the drama (Moliere 28). Apparently, hypocrisy is somewhat slippery, but to some individuals it is evident. For instance, Tartuffe is being regarded as a hypocrite because it isRead MoreHypocrisy Within Religious Groups : Religion1424 Words   |  6 PagesHypocrisy Within Religious Groups Did you know that since 2012 more than 7.5 million people are no longer active in any type of religion or religious group (Grant, 2013)? Looking back on the past as well as the rich history of faith in God that can be found throughout American History it is almost surprising the amount of people who no longer take a claim to religion. Over the course of the last 30 to 40 years religious communities have had cycles of high or low attendance. Now as times are changingRead More The Hypocrisy of Religion in Moby Dick Essay1403 Words   |  6 PagesThe Hypocrisy of Religion in Moby Dick Stubb decides to give Old Fleece a lecture on religion after waking him to complain about his overcooked whale steak. 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Frederick Douglass in his work, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself, and William Apess in his work, An Indians Looking-Glass for the White Man both disagree with the form of Christianity practicedRead MoreThe Progressive Era and Religion818 Words   |  3 Pagesshort story Maggie: A Girl of the Streets critiques many of these ideas. His biggest critique was that of religion and the standards and hypocrisy of it. This essay will argue that Crane critiques the hypocrisy of Christianity and Christians through the characterization of a wide range of characters in his novel. The most prominent example of Crane’s critique against religion and it’s hypocrisy is Maggie’s mother Mary. Even her name is a critique for it could reference religious symbol Mary, motherRead MoreReligious Hypocrisy In Frederick Douglass861 Words   |  4 Pagestime of Jesus Christ, religious hypocrisy has run rampant throughout those who held power. Countless lives have been affected by others twisting religious interpretation in order to fit their own needs. Slaveholders used religion and scripture to their advantage when disciplining slaves, sometimes even if they did no wrong. Religious hypocrisy is especially relevant in the life of Frederick Douglass. Frederick Douglass’s life story depicts how religious hypocrisy committed by both slaves and slaveholdersRead MoreWilliam Moliere s Tartuffe As A Threat Of Reason1138 Words   |  5 PagesThe Role of Reason in Religion What happens when hypocrisy invades religion in the absence of reason? This is the very question that Moliere addresses in Tartuffe as he establishes his characters. In satire characters are usually very one dimensional and unchanging. They are simply there to represent an idea. Therefore, rather than using character development, Moliere uses character establishment to shape his story and theme. This is most notably seen in the last two scenes of act one in TartuffeRead MoreExamples Of Hypocrisy In The Adventures Of Huck Finn1542 Words   |  7 Pagesinhumanity towards man shaped society? Man’s inhumanity towards man has played a profound role in humans throughout history. Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huck Finn is an example of him using satire to reach his readers denouncing slavery and religious hypocrisy giving examples of man’s inhumanity towards man. His main objective in using satire in Huck Finn was to protest the evil practices that were so frequent in the Frontier. By using satire this made it more appealing and enjoyable for readers and hopefullyRead MoreChronicle Of A Death Foretold By Gabriel Garcia Marquez1224 Words   |  5 PagesMarquez, the novella â€Å"Chronicle Of A Death Foretold† is a pseudo-journalistic depiction of the death of a young, Arab man more than two decades after it happened. Set in Catholic Colombia, where every character’s actions are intrinsically shaped by religion, the author explores deeper societal issues within this town of God-fearing individuals. Although a judicial inquest concluded two brothers, Pedro and Pablo Vicario, murdered Santiago Nasar, for allegedly taking their sister’s virginity, the narratorRead MoreMorality in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Essay717 Words   |  3 Pages Twain was heavily critical of religion and it’s supposed â€Å"moral righteousness†; in his eyes, Twain saw the institution of religion as hypocritical, impractical, and convoluted. Needless to say, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn hold considerable importance in reflecting Mark Twain’s satirical view on the religious society of his time. Mark Twain introduces his satire of religion in the first few chapters of the novel. A major theme of the novel is the hypocrisy and double standards that are evident

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

History of the Black Box aka Flight Data Recorder

David Warren had a deeply personal reason to invent the  flight-data recorder (commonly referred to as the â€Å"black box†). In 1934, his father died in one of Australia’s earliest air crashes.   Early Life and Career David Warren was born in 1925 on Groote Eylandt, and island off the Northern coast of Australia. Gadgets and devices, like the ham radio left to him by his father, helped Warren through his childhood and adolescence. His educational record speaks for itself: he graduated with honors from the University of Sydney before earning a diploma in education from the University of Melbourne and a Ph.D. in chemistry from Imperial College London. In the 1950s, as Warren was working for the Aeronautical Research Laboratories in Melbourne, a few developments occurred to reignite his instincts regarding in-flight recordings. In Britain in 1949, the de Havilland Comet was introduced—only to experience a disaster in 1954 with a series of high-profile crashes. Without any kind of recording device from inside the aircraft, determining the causes and investigating the intricacies of these disasters was a famously difficult task for the British authorities. Prime Minister Winston Churchill himself was quoted as saying, â€Å"The cost of solving the Comet mystery must be reckoned neither in money nor in manpower.† Around the same time, the earliest tape recorders were being introduced in trade shows and storefront windows. It was a German-made one that first caught Warren’s eye, leading him to wonder how much more information the authorities would have during its investigations if a device like this had been in the Comet. Inventing the "Memory Unit" In 1957, Warren completed a prototype—which he termed the â€Å"Memory Unit†Ã¢â‚¬â€for his device. His idea, however, was greeted with no shortage of criticism from the Australian authorities. The Royal Australian Air Force haughtily suggested that the device would capture â€Å"more expletives than explanations,† while the Australian pilots themselves worried about the potential for spying and surveillance. It took the British—the maker of the tarnished Comet—to appreciate the necessity of Warren’s device. From there, flight-data recorders proceeded to become standard procedure not only in Britain and Australia but also in America and in the commercial flying industry all across the world. There seems to be some dispute as to how Warren’s device came to be known as the black box, considering that the color of Warren’s prototype was closer to red or orange, in order to make the device stand out amidst the wreckage of a crash. However, the black-box moniker has stuck, perhaps owing to the intense steel casing required to protect the box. Warren has never received financial reward for his invention, although he has—after what was initially quite a battle—been officially recognized by his own country: in 2002, he was awarded the Order of Australia for his contributions. Warren died in 2010, at the age of 85, but his invention continues to be a mainstay on aircraft worldwide, recording both cockpit chatter and instrument readings of altitude, speed, direction, and other statistics. Additionally, car manufacturers have recently started installing black boxes in their vehicles, adding another chapter in the evolution of Warren’s originally maligned idea.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Alternative Sources Of Energy From Fossil Fuels - 2846 Words

Each day, advancing technology requires a stable source of fuel to produce the thousands of units of energy being consumed by it. At present, this energy is derived from various sources with fossil fuels being the largest by far. According to the United States Energy Information Administration, in 2014 sixty-seven percent of the United State s energy was converted from fossil fuels. (What is U.S. Electricity Generation by Energy Source?) Although fossil fuels are able to meet rising energy demands, they are limited and toxic to this planet. For this reason, U.S. officials have already begun to consider alternative sources of energy to break America s fossil fuel addiction; namely, liquid fuels derived from various agricultural crops. However, using agriculture in this way infringes upon the nation s food supply and the quantity of fuel produced is unable to meet rising fuel demands. Due to this, a new, dedicated source of energy is needed. One proposed source is microalgae, a microsc opic plant-life form that is neither a part of the food supply, or a detriment to the environment. In addition, microalgae are able to produce copious amounts of liquid fuel in comparison to currently used crops. America should invest in the production of microalgae for bio-fuel to solve issues caused by modern energy production processes. In the past, there have been significant events that have led to increased awareness of energy production and the way it affects the planet. James A.Show MoreRelatedAlternative Energy Can Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels1227 Words   |  5 Pages Alternative Energy Can Effectively Replace Fossil Fuels In the U.S. alone, carbon dioxide emission levels have risen thirty percent since 2005. If the emissions continue to rise at this pace, the temperature of the Earth may rise by at most, thirteen degrees. Temperatures rising to that height could cause chaos across the world. With more and more people burning fossil fuels every day, this unfortunate future is likely to occur. Fortunately, using pollution free alternative energy could alterRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Fossil Fuels1260 Words   |  6 PagesFossil fuels are hydrocarbons, primarily coal, fuel oil or natural gas, formed from the remains of dead plants and animals, and great sources of energy and great sources of pollution. Fossil fuels are used to power a lot of things, including vehicles, heat homes, industries, manufacturing, and for electricity. Primarily used fossil fuels are coal, natural gas, and oil, these fossil fuels are dangerous to the environment. When fossil fuels are burned, it emits harmful g ases in the environment likeRead MoreNew Energy for the Future1358 Words   |  6 PagesNew Energy for the Future For years man has relied on energy in order to be successful in life. The industrial revolution relied on coal for the new inventions brought into the world. Life as has never been the same since then. However since that time, there has been little done to improve on energy efficiency and humans still primarily rely on fossil fuels for energy. For over a hundred years the Earth has become more polluted and dirtier than ever before. Now, with new, innovative technology thereRead MoreFossil Fuel And Alternative Sources Of Energy1218 Words   |  5 Pages Energy Policy Jameisha Lyttle Gwynedd Mercy University Abstract The United States government, as well as many others around the world, have relied on fossil fuel as an energy source for a long period of time. The extraction, production, and development of these sources have contributed to the many issues with the environment. In addition to this, fossil fuel will not exist forever because there is a limited amount on earth and it cannot be restored. For this reason, the UnitedRead MoreAlternative Energy And Renewable Energy1668 Words   |  7 Pagesand energy has steadily grown, as well as our dependence on them. Nowadays, power and electricity are in every facet of our daily lives. Due to this, we overlook several negative effects our traditional use of fossil fuels have caused. Fossil fuels are fuel deposits that were formed hundreds of millions of years ago, which is where the term fossil fuels come from. The two most common fossil fuels currently in use are coal and oil, which power the majority of our infrastructure. However, fossil fuelsR ead MoreThe World s Dependence On Fossil Fuels1706 Words   |  7 PagesDependence on Fossil Fuels Introduction: When you think of fossil fuels what comes to mind? Perhaps you think of the massive oil rigs set up around the world or maybe your mind wonders to how fossil fuels formed in the Earth millions of years ago. Truthfully the full extent of our usage of fossil fuels around the world is widely not realized. Around the Christmas season as you decorate your Christmas trees consider this: if your Christmas tree is artificial then it is likely manufactured with fossil fuelsRead MoreScience Debate : Alternative Energy1157 Words   |  5 PagesDebate: Alternative Energy is Better Good morning/afternoon fellow peers and staff members. Today, I am going to prove how alternative energy sources are better than conventional sources. Some people don’t know the difference from alternative and conventional energy sources.Conventional sources are sources that are most common and have been traditionally used in the past. Alternative sources are the more eco-friendly source which makes our world a better place to live in. Examples of alternative energyRead MoreThe United States And Fossil Fuels1117 Words   |  5 PagesThe United States relies heavily on fossil fuels as its main source of energy and with the limited supply, we ll have to develop and utilize alternative sources for clean, renewable, cheap and effective energy to power this country and the world into the future. It will be important for the health of our planet to utilize renewable resources that have no greenhouse gas emission. Out of necessity the world will eventually need to stop using fossil fuels for energy. There are many states that relyRead MoreAlternative Energy Vs. Fossil Fuels Essay1407 Words   |  6 PagesAlternative energy versus fossil fuels is a very controversial issue surrounding America today. The issue is so controversial for many reasons, such as our economic dependence on fossil fuels and the possibility of global warming due to the burning of these fossil fuels we are so dependent on. Where one argument seems to succeed in persuading the reader one way, another rebuttal can be made that will neutralize the arguments before it. If the United States become more alternative energy dependentRead MoreViable Alternative Energy For Replace Fossil Fuels1724 Words   |  7 Pages Viable Alternative Energy to Replace Fossil Fuels Nauman Syed Zia University of Houston Nearly all of the United States production of energy comes from non-renewable sources, also known as fossil fuels. However, the problem with using fossil fuels to satisfy the United States ever-growing demand for power is that they are a limited resource and their production and usage cause a myriad of harmful environmental effects. There are other sources of energy available that do not