Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Research paper: compare and contrast :The rocking horse winner bylawrence, and The lottery by jackson BY 210775 Just We Three The Savior is not a silent observer. He Himself knows personally and infinitely the pain we face. Monday, November 19, 2012 Compare and Contrast A paper from my English Literature and Composition class this summer Abstract In Graham Greenes The Destructors and Richard Connells The Most Dangerous Game Rainsford and Trevor (better known as T. are each faced with a moral ilemma. Each character is confronted with a post-war scenario. While T. is immersed in it, living in a post-war London, and striving to fit in with his peers; Rainsford faces an opponent who survived the overthrow of the Czar and continued to pursue his favored sport despite societal acceptance. T. is from a higher social status than that of his peers and must find a way to fit in and earn their respect. We will write a custom essay sample on The rocking horse winner bylawrence or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Rainsford is shipwrecked on an island with a big game hunter and must survive the ost challenging hunt of his life. The purpose of this essay is to compare the way these moral dilemmas affect each character, how they address the struggle, how they internalize their perception, and how they work toward resolution with their inner conflict. 1 . Adapting to challenges (both key individuals) a. Rainsford is successful 2. Character Analysis a. Trevor-cultured hoodlum b. Rainsford-cultured hunter 3. Conflict a. Rainsford
Monday, December 2, 2019
Introduction Business organizations across the world are using the social networking tools such as Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter among others to boost employee relationships, achieve credibility, set up an opportunity for having communication between the organization and its customers and also to promote sales.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Novice Meets Expert specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Moreover, it is reported that Ã¢â¬Å"company recruiters are going to sites like LinkedIn to get access to the almost 25 million resumes postedÃ¢â¬ (Brottlund, 2009, p.1).In this paper, there is going to be a discussion on the use of social networking tools by companies in general and by the IBM Company specifically. There is also going to be a discussion on the type of IT projects. The report is basically based on an interview with one of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s IT managers, George Rizk. In addition, there is also going to be presentation of the information obtained from the review of the related literature; supporting or criticizing the information provided by the manager during the interview. The conclusion section will provide a summary of the discussion. Use of social networking tools by IBM Following the interview, it was established that there are social networking tools that are used by IBM and these include, as pointed out by the interviewee; Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter. These social networking tools are used by this company for various purposes. For instance, it was found out that the company uses these tools to advertise IBMÃ¢â¬â¢s initiatives like Smarter Planet, among others. It was also found out that the social networking tools are used to find potential employees. Moreover, the manager pointed out that the social networks used in this company help the current and the former employees of the company to remain connected. However, the manager was also quick to point out that, to a certain extent, these social networks work against the company with other recruiters Ã¢â¬Å"poachingÃ¢â¬ the IBM employees.Advertising Looking for report on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Basing on information that has been presented in the literature on this issue, this managerÃ¢â¬â¢s view is correct. For instance, Zappone (2012) points out that in the present day, the social networks make it possible for the employers to engage in developing relationships with the potential employees even when they are working somewhere else. The inclination towards recruiting the employed candidates, instead of those who are not working, poses a big risk of raiding the talent pool of a company. It is reported that in the last few years, the Sony Erickson Company gave instructions to those who recruit talents for the company to exclude the unemployed (Zappone, 2012). Moreover, in survey conducted recently, it was found out that Ã¢â¬Å"more than 90 percent of senior human resources executives in the U.S regard recruiting Ã¢â¬Ëpassive candidatesÃ¢â¬â¢ as central to their strategyÃ¢â¬ (Zappone, 2012, p.1). Ã¢â¬Å"PassiveÃ¢â¬ candidates refer to the professionals who are not presently seeking another career opportunity (Zappone, 2012). In such situations, the Ã¢â¬Å"passive candidatesÃ¢â¬ may be contacted via the social networking tools. Zappone (2012) reports that, according to the information provided by LinkedIn, one of the social networking companies, Ã¢â¬Å"the rise of the social media and other new sources of potential candidates are driving a shift towards direct sourcing and recruiters expanding their search beyond active candidates to include Ã¢â¬ËpassiveÃ¢â¬â¢ candidatesÃ¢â¬ (Zappone, 2012, p.1). However, according to the interviewee, the social networks need to be used in ICT environment. When asked the reason for this, he pointed out that it makes it a question o f one company against the other and it is about the reputation of the company and how it treats its employees. Mr. Rizk had also established that, other companies might engage in using the social networks as a tool to take down the reputation of competitive companies.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Novice Meets Expert specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This view is also shared in the literature presented by Shullich (2011) where it is reported that a study conducted among executives by PRNewswire showed that; forty nine percent of them had a feeling that the use of the social networking tools could damage a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation. When asked whether this is legal or should be prevented, Mr. RizkÃ¢â¬â¢s response was that the business organizations and social media will always be used in an inappropriate way by people and other business organizations to Ã¢â¬Ëput downÃ¢â¬â¢ another companyÃ¢â¬â¢s reput ation. According to him, this is not fair or moral but a company cannot stop the actions of others in another company. He explained that in the case of IBM, this company has their BCGÃ¢â¬â¢s extend to social media. The company takes its BCGÃ¢â¬â¢s quite seriously to a level where every employee is asked to revalidate yearly and to complete an education module to certify and this includes Ã¢â¬Å"Digital IBMerÃ¢â¬ , which is based around social media. Type of IT projects When asked about IT projects, the manager pointed out that IBM Company has many different projects. According to the manager, there are different components of projects and for instance, in storage there are four of them which include B R, SAN, NAS, and Mainframe. His response to the issue of whether all the available projects are on-going projects and whether there are projects that are completed before a deadline was, from his perspective, that; he manages projects for the customers that IBM supports. He furt her pointed out that projects come in all shapes and sizes and they all have maintenance and upgrading support. The manager added that in case new comers come in, that also is considered as a project.Advertising Looking for report on communications media? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The different types of the IT projects are complex to manage. It has been found out that considerable numbers of the complex IT projects up to now still do not succeed in delivering the main benefits in a timely manner and also fail to target cost as well as specification. It is further pointed out that this is largely driven by Ã¢â¬Å"the exponential growth in the capability of hardware and communications technology, and the corresponding inflation in peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations and ambitionÃ¢â¬ (British Computer Society, 2004). It is also observed that a larger number of the IT projects are carried out with an intention of delivering some form of process or business change (British Computer Society, 2004). In particular cases, the IT systems will be brought in to make it possible to have a larger number of business transformations. In other cases, Ã¢â¬Å"they will be automating an existing processÃ¢â¬ (British Computer Society, 2004, p. 17). Although the aim is labelled as automation, those involved will have to change their practices, Ã¢â¬Å"so business change of some form will ultimately resultÃ¢â¬ (British Computer Society, 2004, p.17). The effect of this will be that the practitioners in the IT field will require having adequate knowledge about the processes as well as business concerned if ever the IT system is to realize the expected results (British Computer Society, 2004). It is very common for problems to come up and this is for the reason that the description of the Ã¢â¬Å"business processÃ¢â¬ provided to the supplier can not represent the process which is being used in an accurate manner (British Computer Society, 2004). In the automation systems case, Ã¢â¬Å"the manual process being replaced by the IT system may be intrinsically ineffective Ã¢â¬â automation is unlikely to make a bad process better, although it may execute it more quicklyÃ¢â¬ (British Computer Society, 2004, p.17). Conclusion Just like in many other companies ac ross the world, there is use of various social networking tools in IBM. These tools include Facebook, LinkedIn and Twitter among others. They are used for various purposes such as sales promotion and advertising, finding potential employees, and facilitating communication among employees among other purposes. However, the use of these tools comes with their own challenges which include the risk of damaging the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s reputation and leaking out of the company secrets among other challenges. But this company still prefers to continue using of these tools, but insist on the issue that the employees should use the tools responsibly. There are also many different types of IT projects in this company and many different components of the IBM Company IT projects exist. For instance, in storage, there are four of them which include B R, SAN, NAS, and Mainframe. The complex nature of the IT projects call for having good project management in order to overcome the challenges that ar e associated with them. References British Computer Society, (2004). The challenges of complex IT projects. London, U.K: The Royal Academy of Engineering. Brottlund, B. (2009). Companies using social networking to boost sales. Web. Shullich, R. (2011). Risk assessment of social media. New York, NY: SANS Institute. Zappone, C. (2012). Social media used to poach workers. Retrieved from https://www.smh.com.au/business/small-business/social-media-used-to-poach-workers-20120506-1y6z0.html This report on Novice Meets Expert was written and submitted by user Reagan Conley to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Airport screening has become an essential component of transportation security policy in the United States following a security breach that precipitated the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 (Fritteli, 2005).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Airport Screening specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In response to the terrorist attacks, the US Congress moved with speed to pass the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA), which in turn established the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) to ensure the security of the travelling public through screening of passengers for explosives and other dangerous items (Blalock, 2007; Lord, 2012). Although the TSA mandated a federalized workforce of security screeners to conduct inspections on online passengers and their luggage, available literature demonstrates that this piecemeal and reactive mandate resulted in significant cost increases, adverse privacy impli cations, and inconveniences (McLay, Lee, Jacobson, 2010). The present paper measures the impact of the federalization of airport screening and attempts to advocate for a more responsive, intelligence-based, and technology-focused screening aimed at cutting costs, ensuring passenger privacy, and reducing inconveniences. Impact of Federalization of Airport Screening Understanding the Federalization of Airport Screening The two fundamental changes in airport security visible to passengers after the terrorist attacks included Ã¢â¬Å"the federalization of passenger security screening at all US commercial airports by November 19, 2002, and the requirement to begin screening all checked baggage by December 31, 2002Ã¢â¬ (Blalock, 2007, p. 2). When TSA officially took over the mandate for airport security in February 2002, it embarked on an effort to substitute private security screeners with federal employees who were charged with the responsibility of conducting passenger-screening ope rations at all US commercial airports. TSA not only embarked on hiring 56,000 federal screeners to help reduce waiting time in security lines but also increased the compensation and training of screeners by offering them higher wages and expanding training requirements (Blalock, 2007). Fritteli (2005) argues that federalizing the screener workforce was offered as a potential solution to address the challenges of high staff turnover, low wages, poor supervision and training, as well as lack of regulatory oversight.Advertising Looking for essay on air transport? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Impacts and Concerns This paper looks into three impacts related to the federalization of airport screening, namely travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ inconveniences, privacy concerns, and cost implications. The discussion around inconvenience is embedded in the fact that, although greater confidence in the safety of air travel has been found to trigger de mand, the inconvenience of security procedures that necessitate additional time and effort on the part of travelers due to the high expectations associated with airport screening may indeed minimize demand for air travel (Blalock, 2007). The intrusive security measures occasioned by the federalization of airport screening (e.g., arbitrary hand-searches of travelers and their carry-on luggage, expansive inspection and prohibitions on non-dangerous items) have been found to minimize the convenience of air travel, resulting in lost revenues for airline companies as potential travelers choose to stay at home (Hessick, 2002). Although studies have found that travelers often value-enhanced airport security and are prepared to allow some extra inconvenience and/or high prices in order to feel more secure and confident (Blalock, 2007), the requirements for additional time and effort on the part of customers have been found to substantially reduce passenger convenience in domestic and foreig n arenas (Hessick, 2002). From the ongoing, it is evident that risk-based approaches to airport screening such as selective screening and behavioral profiling can be used to avoid unnecessary passenger inconveniences in contemporary airport security operations. As postulated by McLay et al. (2010), selective screening applies high-order security technologies and procedures on a targeted cluster of high-risk passengers and employs lower levels of scrutiny to screen low-risk passengers. However, as acknowledged by Markarian, Kolle, and Tarter (2011), it is always essential to have a prescreening system that undertakes an accurate risk assessment of passengers before their arrival at the airport to enhance the accuracy of passenger assessment. On its part, behavioral profiling is able to minimize passenger inconveniences by focusing attention to high-risk passengers (Poole Carofano, 2006). Due to lack of passenger privacy that followed the implementation of the new security procedures such as the federalization of airport screening and comprehensive baggage screening, a huge decline in passengers flying shorter trips was noted as such passengers preferred to drive to their destinations (Blalock, 2007). Calculations demonstrate that the substitution of flying for driving by travelers seeking to safeguard their privacy not only led to fatal road accidents but also triggered a slump in traveler volumes as well as airline profit margins (Selzer, 2003). Available literature demonstrates that the creation of multiple levels of security (e.g., concentric protection) may indeed be more effective than treating all passengers the same, particularly in terms of safeguarding their privacy and removing bottlenecks that trigger privacy concerns (McLay et al., 2010).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Airport Screening specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Security frameworks such as concentric protection are not intrusive to passengers as they help to integrate security systems and increase the level of penetration difficulty through what is commonly referred to as defense in depth (Markarian et al., 2011). In terms of costs, airline companies are of the opinion that Ã¢â¬Å"the increased inconvenience caused by security measures has cost them billions in lost ticket revenues as potential business travelers opt to stay at homeÃ¢â¬ (Blalock, 2007, p. 8). Tough security measures imposed by the TSA through the federalization of airport screening and comprehensive screening of baggage, though appropriate in thwarting terrorist attacks, have nevertheless imposed a huge cost in terms of reduced profits in the airline industry and less tax revenue for the federal government due to stunted ticket sales (Selzer, 2003). Plan Validation It is evident that the federalization of airport screening has witnessed adverse outcomes in terms of travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ inconveniences, privacy concerns and cost imp lications, though it has had a corresponding increase in security (McLay et al., 2010). The solution to these adverse outcomes and concerns, it seems, is nested on the development of a more responsive, intelligence-based and technology-focused screening process that utilizes the federal and private workforce of screeners. Federal screeners will be included in the plan as many travelers feel safer with federal security screeners as opposed to private ones (Blalock, 2007), while private screeners will be included for their innovation and flexibility to provide screening services more competently and with superior customer service (Lord, 2012). The combination of safety, efficiency, competency and enhanced customer service will be instrumental in reducing travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ inconveniences and reinforcing privacy. As already acknowledged, the proposed plan will include three main components, namely responsiveness, intelligence collection, and technology. It is essential to have a compete nt and flexible workforce to man the responsiveness component of the plan. These human resources will be sourced from the private sector as available literature demonstrates that private airport screeners are more innovative, flexible, and competent in customer service than federal screeners (Lord, 2012). Overall, this workforce will be charged with the responsibility of implementing risk-based approaches to airport screening (e.g., selective screening and behavioral profiling) with the view to ensuring that the interventions are more responsive to the needs and expectations of travelers.Advertising Looking for essay on air transport? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As demonstrated in the literature, Ã¢â¬Å"the risk-based approach would produce significant cost savings in both capital and operating costs, while targeting those funds spent on airport security toward the passengers more likely to pose threats to people and propertyÃ¢â¬ (Poole, 2006, p. 27). Additionally, it is now common knowledge that selective screening is a useful technique in reducing costs and waste of scarce security resources as air travelers are not treated equally in terms of threat potential (Poole Carofano, 2006). This way, it is assumed that the private screeners will have the capacity to substantially reduce travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ inconveniences and associated costs due to the responsive nature of available airport security interventions. The intelligence collection component of the plan will be allocated to duly qualified and competent federal screeners and their mandate will entail the use of available security and safety systems, existing criminal databases, and ri sk-based prescreening techniques to identify passengers and baggage for inspection. The use of these systems and risk-based screening techniques in airport safety operations will increase travelersÃ¢â¬â¢ confidentiality and privacy while ensuring that sufficient levels of safety are maintained to deter terrorist attacks (Edwards, 2013). It is proposed that the screening force will be part of the intelligence collection fraternity and will be directly involved in providing concentric circles of security to, among other things, (1) help separate sensitive areas from the airside or other areas, (2) provide defense in depth by instituting another gateway that needs to be altered from a less-secure environment to a higher-secure environment, (3) assist in the integration of security systems for effective airport screening, and (4) enhance the level of penetration difficulty (Markarian et al., 2011). This workforce is also expected to focus on the Ã¢â¬Ëhuman factorÃ¢â¬â¢ of security provisions and exercise comprehensive due diligence, common sense, and consistency to be useful in the provision of optimal passenger safety using a methodology that does not violate passenger safety (Canody, 2015; McLay et al., 2010). Overall, such screening interventions are bound to increase aviation safety and decrease privacy and confidentiality violations. Lastly, both federal and private screeners will be exposed to emerging safety technologies and information technology (IT) solutions to ensure the optimal uptake of technology-focused interventions in airport screening. Use of state-of-the-art security technologies will be useful in decentralizing operations, re-orienting security policies along risk-based lines, as well as devolving screening functions to each individual airport for efficiency and effectiveness (Poole, 2006). The workforce handling emerging technology devices must be trained to improve airport security by targeting more of these sophisticated devices towar ds passengers who pose comparatively more significant risk of harm and developing technology-focused screening methodologies that are able to rely on various datasets to quantify the threat potential of a passenger as opposed to undertaking full screening. Such a technology-focused platform for airport screening, in my view, will substantially reduce passenger inconveniences, address privacy concerns and cut operating costs. Furthermore, the emerging technology and IT infrastructure can be used in aviation environments to integrate security systems for optimal productivity and efficiency. Conclusion This report has not only measured the impact of federalization of airport screening in terms of passenger inconvenience, privacy concerns and cost implications but also advocated for a more responsive, intelligence-based and technology-focused airport screening intervention to remedy the situation. The proposed plan will utilize a mix of federal and private airport screeners as the two g roups have their unique skills and competencies. Overall, it is felt that the proposed plan will be useful in addressing the deficits and contributing towards an effective and efficient airport screening system. Comprehensive training of the workforce is critical in making the proposed plan a reality. References Blalock, G., Kadiyali, V., Simon, D. H. (2007). The impact of post-9/11 airport security measures on the demand for air travel. Web. Canody, H. (2015). Smarter Security. Air Transport World, 52(7), 20-22. Edwards, C. (2013). Privatizing the transport security administration. Web. Fritteli, J. (2005). Transportation security: Issues for the 109th congress. Web. Hessick, F. A. (2002). The federalization of airport security: Privacy implications. Whittier Law Review, 24(2), 43-69. Lord, S. M. (2012). Screening partnership program: TSA should issue more guidance to airports and monitor private versus federal screener performance. Web. Markarian, G., Kolle, R., Tarter, A. (2011 ). Aviation security engineering: A holistic approach. London, UK: Artech House. McLay, L. A., Lee, A. J., Jacobson, S. H. (2010). Risk-based policies for airport security checkpoint screening. Transportation Science, 44(3), 339-349. Poole, R. W. (2006). Airport security: Time for a new model. Web. Poole, R. W., and Carofano, J. J. (2006). Time to rethink airport security. Web. Selzer, M. (2003). Federalization of airport security workers: A study of practical impact of the aviation and transportation security act from a labor law perspective. Journal of Labor and Employment Law, 5(2), 363-381. This essay on Airport Screening was written and submitted by user Emilia Z. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
How to Write a Cause and Effect Essay Useful Tips on Identifying Cause and Effects Each type of essay requires a particular writing style. It means that students can implement various types of writing when it comes to academic assignments. From compare and contrast papers to cause and effect essays Ã¢â¬â you need to have a clear understanding of how to write those papers whether you are a college student or professional essay writer. Cause and effect essays are among the most complicated ones when it comes to selecting a proper writing style. A few students and writers actually understand the structure of the paper. The assignment is often poorly understood. This is why we decided to put an ease on your writing process and deliver some helpful tips out of the box. What is the cause and effect essay? The first thing we need to do is to define the term itself. It will make it easier to understand the paper as well as the way it should look like. The paper is about different things that take place in our daily lives and their outcomes. The things are the cause while the outcomes appear to be effects. The main mission is to highlight the skills to provide a strong connection between things and their outcomes. Students are supposed to stress logical links and evidence to those connections. To make the things clearer, the cause explains why the event takes place. For example, the water boils at 100 degrees. The temperature is the cause while the boiling water is the event. Everything looks pretty simple, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t it? The main problem all students face is to identify the effect and the cause. Once you clearly see the difference, the writing process is no longer a challenge. The high temperature is the cause resulting in the boiling water. It explains why the event takes place and under what conditions. No other factors will result in the same event. You may discuss possibilities but eventually prove the cause with the one and only statement that is true. A cause and effect essay may look similar too argumentative paper. The idea is to provide evidence to prove the statement. Make sure you provide enough evidence to establish a strong argumentation of the cause. Having doubts at some point of writing is natural. Never hesitate to ask yourself questions: Why does it happen? What will happen if? It will let you explain the event and the effect. What structure should a cause and effect essay have? The writing process should start with a clear outline and proper structure. Both features are the core points of the paper. They will define the general success of the assignment. You should choose a structure according to the subject. It may consist of each separate factor that results in the event. Or you can discuss them in general dividing into steps and stages. Structure 1 Ã¢â¬â Several Events, Single Effect The structure consists of multiple causes that result in a single effect. It should contain core points like introduction and conclusion in addition to 3-4 paragraphs deepening on the number of causes. Each paragraph should describe a particular event. Structure 2 Ã¢â¬â Single Event, Several Causes Vice versa. We have a single event that may result in several effects. The structure is actually the same as the previous one. The only difference is that paragraphs should describe causes, not events. Structure 3 Ã¢â¬â Casual Chain or Domino Effect This particular structure is the best bet whenever you have a single event that results in a single cause. At the same time, the cause is not a final destination of the process, as it may lead to another effect and so on. In other words, we have the domino effect that consists of various paragraphs describing the next stage. Cause and effect writing tips Once you have developed a clear outline, you only have to follow each step. The writing process is no longer a challenge. Make sure you strictly follow the plan and provide strong enough evidence and links. Now you have to highlight your acknowledgment of the topics. Make notes and use brainstorming to generate as many ideas as possible. Sort out the strongest ones and describe them in particular paragraph. Start with a powerful introduction that defines the core issues of the paper. End with a conclusion highlighting the key points in a short summary.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
This is the History of the Drumset essays In the beginning of this powerful instrument's creation, drums were used for forceful supernatural summons and the master control of ceremonies all over the world. Drums were beat to keep a steady stroke on water for smooth even sailing. Drums were beat to keep soldiers in line at an even pace. The modern drum set was not invented by just one individual. It wasnt even invented at one time or one certain place. It has shown most of its becoming in the early part of the 20th century, with the help of other musicians that have contributed for the making of this instrument. Many places, particularly New Orleans, were adapting the drums of the traditional military-style marching band to the stage. A snare drum and base drum were beginning to be played by one person at the same time, when usually on drum was played by one person, such as the cymbals, base and snare. At the same time, New Orleans musicians were developing a new style of playing where they would improvise, later to be known as jazz. In 1909, William F. Ludwig, musician and instrument maker produced the first base drum foot pedal. He spent years adjusting the pedal so it could be played faster and swifter with the foot, freeing the players hand to pay more attention to the snare drum and other instruments. Drummers started adding instrument around their set, such as woodblocks, Chinese cymbals, cowbells, little tom toms, Chinese tom toms, whistles, sirens and even birdcalls. These sounds added were mainly used in theatrical performance and circuses. These were commonly known as traps, a term generally derived from contraption. In 1925 drummers began adding sock cymbals or low boys which were a pair of low standing cymbals on a spring operated by the foot. In addition to low boys, high boys came out in 1927. This was the high hat where you may play with your foot or you hands, and also is th ...
Saturday, November 23, 2019
What is a Good ACT Aspire Score For a Freshman SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips ItÃ¢â¬â¢s tempting to compare the ACT Aspire test to the PSAT, but in reality they are quite different in their goals and purpose. The PSAT is meant to be practice for the real SAT, and doing well on it can qualify you for theNational Merit Scholarship. On the other hand, the ACT Aspire is a test for 3rd to 10th gradersthat is meant todetermine whether students are measuring up toCommon Core standards. Just like the real ACT, the ACT Aspire covers English, Math, Reading, Science, and Writing. But the format of this test, the structure of the questions, and the way the test is scored are all very different from the ACT. So how do you know what ACT Aspire score you should aim for in your freshman year of high school? Or if you already got your results, how can you tell where you stand compared to your peers? In this article, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll talk about how the ACT Aspire is scored, give you some different ways to think about what a good ACT Aspire score is for a 9th grader, and demonstrate several tools to use when thinking about your specific score. How is the ACT Aspire Test Scored? Scoring is slightly different for the different grades that take this test, so I will speak specifically about how ACT Aspire is scored when you take in high school. Right now,scores can range between 400 and 460 for each subject, depending on your grade level. This means that while the lowest possible score is 400 no matter what grade you're in, the maximum possible score goes up with each year that you take the test. In 10th grade, the last year the ACT Aspire is given, the maximum score is 460. In grades 8Ã¢â¬â10, your results will include a composite score, which is just the average of the scores you got on the English, Math, Reading, and Science sections of the test. Meanwhile, the Writing section is scored separately. Your results will also come with a few other measurements: one for language arts, one for STEM, and one that evaluations your reading comprehension. To get a sense of what all of this will look like, you can check out a sample score report. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s a Good Freshman Score on ACT Aspire? What you consider a good score depends very much on what your goal for that score is. I will go through some possibilities of what the ACT Aspire score can show you, and discuss what constitutes a good score in each of those cases. Comparing Yourself to Yourself Because ACT Aspire is given to everyone from 3rd graders to 10th graders, after a few years, you will be able to see how well youÃ¢â¬â¢re doing on this test compared to all the other times youÃ¢â¬â¢ve taken it. The idea is that in each subject area, your scores should increase from year to year. So part of figuring out a good freshman score is tracking your progress to make sure that you are improving from one year to the next. At the same time, your scores should also be hitting the benchmarks set out by ACT. The benchmarks are basically the minimum scores that you need to get to show that you are performing at grade level. The point of these minimum scores is to show you, your teachers, and your parents whether you are on track for college readiness, and whether there are specific subjects where you could benefit from academic support. Here is a table of the ACT Aspire benchmarks for each subject: So for example, this table shows that on the math portion of the ACT Aspire, you can get a score anywhere between 400 and 460. If you get at least 428 as a freshman, youÃ¢â¬â¢re considered to be learningat grade level. Comparing Yourself to YourPeers Another thing that nation-wide tests like the ACT Aspire are supposed to do is give you a sense of where how your level ofacademic preparation compares to your peers. ACT Aspire publishes data about how students taking the test scored, so we can go through the data to see how you can tell where you stand when compared toother 9th graders who took the test at the same time as you. Some have it easier than others when comparing themselves to their peers. Using Composite Scores for Comparison One way to see how you stack up is through your composite score Ã¢â¬â the average of yourindividual subject scores (minus Writing). This number is a very quick way to see your relative ranking overall, without taking into consideration whether you are better or worse that some subjects than others. Here isthe range of composite scores for 8th, 9th, and 10th graders from the last year the ACT Aspire was administered: Grade Min 25% Rank 50% Rank 75% Rank 90% Rank 95% Rank Max 8 406 414 418 423 428 432 435 9 408 414 418 423 430 435 438 10 409 415 419 426 433 438 440 This table gives us a breakdown ofhow students scoredon the test.The "Min" and "Max" columns show the lowest and highest scores earned on this test. The "% Rank" columns show the score you'd need to reachthe given percentile, i.e. the score at which you'd be scoringhigher than that percent of other students. So, for example, 9th graders earned composite scores anywhere between 408 and 438 (thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the minimum and maximum score columns). If you got at least 414, you did better than 25% of the 9th graders taking the test, which would put you in the 25th percentile of scorers. Meanwhile, if you got a 435, you fall into the top 5%, since you scored better than 95% of students. What can we learn from this table? For 9th graders, 418 was the medianscore - 49% of students did better, and 50% did worse. What's a good freshman composite score for ACT Aspire? LetÃ¢â¬â¢s assume that a good score is roughly at or above the 75th percentile Ã¢â¬â meaning, scoring higher than 75% of your peers. This means that a good composite score for the ACT Aspire for freshmen is 423 or higher. The mix everything together approach: great for paella, less useful for test scores. Using Individual Test Sections forComparison The composite score is a good tool for very quick analysis. But another, probably more useful, way of comparing yourself to your peers is to dive into each section of the test individually. Not only is this a more precise ranking system, but it also helps you figure out which subjects are your strengths, and which you need to work on more, or maybe even get some outside help. Now, let's investigate the test sections one by one. We can look at exactly what percentile you fall into depending on yourscore. ACT Aspire 9th Grade English Percentiles Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank 400 1 415 13 430 57 445 96 401 1 416 15 431 61 446 97 402 1 417 16 432 65 447 98 403 1 418 19 433 68 448 99 404 1 419 22 434 71 449 99 405 1 420 25 435 74 450 99 406 1 421 28 436 77 451 99 407 2 422 30 437 80 452 99 408 2 423 33 438 82 453 99 409 3 424 37 439 84 454 99 410 4 425 40 440 87 455 99 411 5 426 43 441 89 456 100 412 7 427 47 442 91 413 8 428 50 443 93 414 10 429 54 444 94 One thing to look at right away is that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to get all the questions right in order to fall into the top 1% of students. Although the exact number will change slightly from year to year, on this version of the ACT Aspire anyone who got above 448 on the English section did better than 99% of test takers. The benchmark English section score of 426 would put you at the 43rd percentile, meaning you scored better than 43% of your peers. Keeping our assumption that a good score on this test is on or above the 75th percentile, we can see that getting 435 or higher puts you in at least the 74th percentile, making this a good score. ACT Aspire 9th Grade ReadingPercentiles Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank 400 1 411 11 422 57 433 95 401 1 412 15 423 61 434 97 402 1 413 16 424 62 435 99 403 1 414 21 425 66 436 99 404 1 415 26 426 71 437 99 405 1 416 30 427 75 438 99 406 1 417 34 428 80 439 99 407 2 418 39 429 84 440 99 408 4 419 43 430 89 441 99 409 4 420 47 431 89 442 100 410 8 421 52 432 92 You can see a similar thing about the Reading section results Ã¢â¬â quite a few of the top scores would put you in the top 1% of people taking the test. Also, notice how big a difference in the percentile rankings just one point makes. If you earned 428, you are in the top 20%, but if you earned 429, you are in the top 16%. The Reading benchmark that ACT, Inc. determined is 425, or better than 66% of test takers. A good score on the Reading section Ã¢â¬â a score around the 75th percentile Ã¢â¬â is 427. ACT Aspire 9th Grade MathPercentiles Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank Score %Rank 400 1 416 18 432 82 448 99 401 1 417 23 433 84 449 99 402 1 418 28 434 88 450 99 403 1 419 32 435 90 451 99 404 1 420 37 436 92 452 99 405 1 421 39 437 93 453 99 406 1 422 44 438 95 454 99 407 1 423 49 439 96 455 99 408 1 424 53 440 97 456 99 409 2 425 58 441 98 457 99 410 2 426 61 442 98 458 99 411 4 427 65 443 99 459 99 412 6 428 69 444 99 460 100 413 8 429 72 445 99 414 11 430 75 446 99 415 14 431 79 447 99 The math section yielded a really very big spread people in the top percentile Ã¢â¬â anyone who scored above 443 did better than 99% of their peers. The ACT Aspire benchmark for this section is 428, or the 69th percentile. Meanwhile, a good score in the 75th percentile is 430. ACT Aspire 9th Grade SciencePercentiles Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank 400 1 413 7 426 59 439 97 401 1 414 11 427 63 440 98 402 1 415 16 428 67 441 99 403 1 416 17 429 70 442 99 404 1 417 22 430 76 443 99 405 1 418 24 431 79 444 99 406 1 419 29 432 82 445 99 407 1 420 35 433 84 446 99 408 2 421 40 434 87 447 99 409 2 422 45 435 91 448 99 410 4 423 46 436 92 449 100 411 4 424 50 437 94 412 7 425 54 438 96 The benchmark for ACT Aspire Science is 430, which the same as the good score weÃ¢â¬â¢ve been discussing, since it falls into the 76th percentile of test takers Incidentally, if youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been following along with the visual data presentation in these tables, youÃ¢â¬â¢re actually getting in somegood practice for both the ACT Aspire Science section and the real ACT Science section as well! ACT Aspire 9th Grade WritingPercentiles Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank Score % Rank 408 1 419 26 430 76 441 99 409 1 420 31 431 76 442 99 410 5 421 31 432 88 443 99 411 5 422 35 433 88 444 99 412 7 423 35 434 95 445 99 413 7 424 47 435 95 446 99 414 9 425 47 436 96 447 99 415 9 426 65 437 96 448 100 416 13 427 65 438 97 417 13 428 71 439 97 418 26 429 71 440 99 The Writing section is scored separately and a little bit differently from the rest of the ACT Aspire sections. For one thing, you can see here that the lowest score on this section isnÃ¢â¬â¢t 400 like it is for all the other sections, but 408. Here, the benchmark score from ACT is 428, or better than 71% of everyone taking the test in that year. Meanwhile, a good score on Writing is at least 430, which is in the 76th percentile. Does the ACT Aspire Predict Your Future ACT Score? One of the reasons you may be wondering how well you did on theACT Aspire is that you want some kind of assurance or prediction that youÃ¢â¬â¢ll do well on the real ACT when you take it junior or senior year. The truth is thatACT Aspire is not a particularly great predictor of your future accomplishmentsÃ¢â¬â at least as far as your ACT scores are concerned.But this is actually fantastic news! First of all, it means that the ACT Aspire really does what itÃ¢â¬â¢s supposed to do Ã¢â¬â it shows you where you are now and where you need to improve. And second,it means that dramatic improvement is possible because, as a freshman, you have 2 or even 3 years in which to do it! The ACT Aspire is the weathervane of tests: it's really good at telling you what's happening now, but not really able to predict the future. How ACT Aspire and ACT Scores Compare ACT published a spreadsheet with score data on 50 10th grade students Ã¢â¬â what they got on each ACT Aspire section, and what they went on to get on the actual ACT when they took it in 11th grade. While it's true that this data is about sophomores rather than freshman, it's still useful to check out what it can tell us. The spreadsheet itself is rather unwieldy, so I've created a couple of graphs to more easily point out the salient bits of information. First, let's talk about the overall trends that the ACT's data shows. In general, the higher your score on the ACT Aspire, the more likely you are to get a higher score on the real ACT itself. Here is a graph that shows this tendency by taking individual scores and smoothing them out into trendlines: However, this is only part of the story. Another way to parse this data is to look more closely at an individual subject. For example, here is a scatterplot graph of a piece of the same data, comparing how 10th gradersdid on Aspire Math and how they ended up doing on ACT Math. The way the scatterplotgraph works is this: Each blue diamond point representsone student Ifyou gostraight down from the diamond, you can see what this student got on ACT Aspire Math If you gostraight left, you can see what this same student got onACTMath: What can we learn from this more zoomed-in approach? On the one hand, as the scores from Aspire Math increase (x-axis), the scores on ACT Math also tend to get somewhat higher as a group (y-axis). In other words, the swarm of diamonds goes upward as we go from left to right. This what accounts for the way the Math trendline appears on the graph above this one. On the other hand,we can see that your Aspire score is by no means destiny, no matter where in the score range students fall. For example, the 3 students who got434 on ACT Aspire Math (just above the sophomore "good" score in the 72nd percentile), ended up getting ACT scores between17 (approximately in the bottom 30%) to 26 (approximately in the top 15%). What Does This Mean in Terms of a Good Score? I think the best way to think about your scores if youÃ¢â¬â¢re worried about eventually taking the ACT is to: First, make sure youÃ¢â¬â¢re meeting your 9th grade benchmarks. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s a pretty good indicator that youÃ¢â¬â¢re on track with your learning. Next, think about your ACT Aspire section scores. If there is one section (or several sections) that you are scoring significantly worse in, then this is the time to get extra help with these academic subjects. Should You Study For the ACT Aspire? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s certainly a very good idea to get some exposure to the test itself. In order for any test to be an accurate reflection of your knowledge and abilities, you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be penalized just for being unfamiliar with the testÃ¢â¬â¢s format and structure. To that end, you should definitely read ourdetailed breakdown of what the ACT Aspire is like and the kinds of questions youÃ¢â¬â¢ll face on it. You should also get a sense of what taking the ACT Aspire will be like from their sample questions and computer test simulator. Go to theACT Aspire exemplar page, where youÃ¢â¬â¢ll find a link to the simulator and login information for all test sections and grade levels. But honestly, beyond getting a basic sense of what youÃ¢â¬â¢ll see on test day, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think it makes a lot of sense to study for the ACT Aspire. For one thing, this isnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the PSAT Ã¢â¬â no scholarships or awards are resting on the score you get. Also, the point of the test is to see whether you are where you should be in your learning. If you study specifically for the test, you could throw off these results Ã¢â¬â which would be a problem if you actually need help in a specific test area. Finally, the ACT Aspire isnÃ¢â¬â¢t just a diagnostic test for individual students. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s also supposed to measure how each classroom is doing as a whole. Imagine, for example, that the ACT Aspire results come back and every single kid in your class bombed the Writing section. This will tell your teacher and school administrators that they really need to beef up the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s writing program. And this in turn will benefit you down the road, when you learn how to write college-level work. If you are really very worried about your future testing results, youÃ¢â¬â¢re better off justtaking a practice ACT instead. ItÃ¢â¬â¢ll more accurately show you how youÃ¢â¬â¢d score if you took the ACT now. One possible thing to do instead of studying for the ACT Aspire. The Bottom Line The ACT Aspire tests the same 5 sections as the ACT, but is structured, formatted, and scored very differently. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll get scores for each of the sections individually, as well as a composite score that averages English, Reading, Math, and Science. What is a good ACT Aspire score depends on what you are trying to determine. A good score for personal progress is a score thatÃ¢â¬â¢s higher than your previous score and one that meets ACT Aspire benchmarks. A good score when comparing yourself to your peers is around the 75th percentile Ã¢â¬â the actual number is different for each ACT Aspire section. ACT Aspire is not very good at predicting ACT scores. Instead, it shows you subject areas where you need extra help. There is no need to study for the ACT Aspire, though it would be a good idea to get familiar with the test format by checking out their sample questions. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Should you start preparing for the ACT as a 9th grader? We have some advice. Did you take me up on my suggestion to try out a practice ACT test? Now, read aboutwhat your score 9th grade ACT score means. Thinking about taking the PSAT as a 9th grader as well? Check out ourguide to the pros and cons of this decision and our discussion onwhat is a good PSAT score for a freshman. Want to improve your ACT score by 4+ points? Download our free guide to the top 5 strategies you need in your prep to improve your ACT score dramatically.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Balance - Essay Example If a keystone species is removed the balance of that ecosystem may breakdown. For example when they removed wolves from North American woodlands, it caused a spike in prey animal populations and damaged the flow of this system. Question 2 Discuss what a "fish ladder" is and whether or not they contribute to the reproduction of salmon. Fish ladders are designed to be placed in places on the migratory path of fish, like salmon, that is gradient in width, with places for fish to rest in the process of going further and further upstream. The fish ladders are known well to be helpful for adult salmon going upstream. In some ways it is mans way of giving back. So much of manmade structures and endeavors have profound impacts and have interfered in many salmon migratory locales. As helpful as the ladders are in some cases, unfortunately, the ladders are sometimes difficult for the fish to find in the larger bodies of water (USGS, 2013). Question 3 What are the pros and cons of the China's T hree Gorges Dam? ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s Three Gorges Dam is considered the largest construction undertaking since the Great Wall of China. The pros of this immense project include the allowance of ships into the new water way from areas that were before inaccessible, the turbines will provide massive amounts of alternative energy, something China is in need of, and will prevent in the reduction of floods, common in the area for hundreds of years. The cons involving the Three Gorges Dam, include, complaints of corruption in its inceptions and construction via illegal and unethical government activities, there are, also, complaints of poor and potentially, dangerous construction. They claim that corners have been cut to save money in the construction. Many question if the dam is safe. There are also concerns from environmentalists that the dam will ultimately leak toxins into the waters and be no better than previous energy source (Kennedy, 2001). Question 4 What are the forces responsible of creating Hurricanes in the Atlantic ocean. Are they good or bad, why? Hurricanes formed in the Atlantic Ocean are perfectly natural occurrences. However, in recent years experts have noticed that the frequency and immensity of hurricanes is increasing. Warm water and moist, warm air are the ingredients of any hurricanes. The warm moist air from the surface of the ocean travels up and mixes with cooler air, which causes the warm water to turn to vapor creating rain clouds. It is the continuation of this cycle that creates they swirling mass that a hurricane becomes. It is possible that global warming, caused by human beings, may be responsible for the modern frequency of hurricanes (West, 2013). If this is true then this cannot be good. Question 5 What forces are responsible of creating sinkholes. Ultimately it is water that is responsible for sinkholes. Water can weather the minerals in rock, more water may wash away what has broken away, weight and stress from above, and frozen te mperatures, also, contribute, along with drilling, vibration from above, and, of course, everyday wear and tear (Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection, 2013)This is what cause a sinkhole. Question 6 What are the forces responsible of destroying the coral reefs and what can we do to prevent it. Currently